The retaining wall, in addition to the usefulness of supporting a slope, a land, can become a decorative element in your garden so as to characterize it. There are different ways of making it, in the beginning, the retaining walls were mainly made of stone and Dry wall London, today we have different types of materials that can be used for its construction, let’s see the most common ones:
The garden itself must be built
Today the most used is certainly in reinforced concrete, but in this case, you should necessarily make use of expert hands. Instead, you can use other methods to create a wall in your garden by yourself. The retaining wall becoming part of the garden itself must be built, created, and thought of as a piece of furniture. There are many ways to build a retaining wall, with the drywall method you can do it by combining nature, function, and technology. Surely dry walls are ideal for obtaining a more natural effect than concrete.
The construction and design
You can build a traditional drywall or a precast block wall; in the construction and design, however, you have to be careful and use small precautions. The major differences between the construction of a dry wall rather than a reinforced concrete one lie in the installation times and costs. Drywalls take a long time because working requires dedication and skilled workers, just as reinforced concrete takes a long time to build, but is sometimes more effective in the function to be performed.
The function to be performed
When we talk about drywall, know that we mean a wall made of drywall without cement binders. To build drywall you need a lot of patience and painstaking precision, each drywall must find the right location so as not to make the whole work collapse at the first impact, like a puzzle in which each juxtaposed piece must find the right location.
Let’s see how a drywall is made:
If the wall you want to build is a few tens of centimeters high (from 20 to 50) the job is almost within everyone’s reach
- to build a dry wall you must take into account the function it has to perform and the thrust that the soil will exert on the masonry.
- You need stones, as square as possible, which is quite difficult in nature, and help yourself with a chisel to modify them from time to time and find the right location.In order to have good stability, the dry wall must have the right proportion between height and width, the higher the wall to be built, the wider it must be to be stable.
There are two types of dry wall:
A low wall that delimits a border area, this type of low wall will have a trapezoidal shape to have good stability; different if the wall is “against the ground”, this has the function of containing the ground and marks a difference in height.
Border dry wall:
To build a border dry wall you must give it a trapezoidal shape as already mentioned, then you must make a 20 cm excavation for the width and length of the wall you want to create, then you must place the largest and most massive boulders in the excavation to give to the wall stability, so it will be wider at the base and narrower in height, the higher the wall and the wider the support base must be, so the wall will narrow at the top. It is always advisable to lay large stones such as a “cover” on top, which will make the wall more stable and will not allow water to infiltrate between the stones.
Dry wall against the ground:
It is different from the dry border wall as it also performs the function of containing the land, marks a slope in the garden or contains a flower bed, a tree. You can indeed create small flower beds but we advise against creating large terraces as seen in many gardens, it is not a job for DIY enthusiasts. They differ in construction because in the second case, the side against the ground will be perpendicular, while the external side will have to be inclined towards the slope in order to support the thrust of the ground.
All greater safety of stability
In addition to the thrust of the ground, we must also calculate the thrust of the water, so in larger walls, holes are left halfway up which allows the water to escape and not imbibe the soil which would have a greater thrust on the wall. In recent years another technique has become widespread which gives an aesthetically very similar result but with less effort and above all greater safety of stability and containment:
Even in your garden
We are talking about retaining walls with metal mesh gabions filled with aggregates. This is a method widely used in construction due to its multiple versatilities, but above all used in the containment of embankments or embankments. Even in your garden, you can create small retaining walls and steps with this technique, the result will be similar to the old drywall but you will probably make less effort. On the market, there are various types and shapes, and sizes of cage and high end residential house and aggregates to be able to play with the imagination.