Cattle Disease – All You Need To Know

Among all domestic animals, the buffalo is regarded as the livestock that is both the largest and most resilient to disease. Although some diseases also affect buffaloes, they are easily treatable with minimal care and upkeep. Murra Bhains is the healthiest and most active breed of buffalo out of all the breeds. Knowing what ailments buffaloes may have and how to treat them is essential before moving on to any phase. 

Diseases, Symptoms & Prevention

Black Quarter 

Although the black quarter is not infectious, it can cause burning sensations and muscle weakness. The body of the buffalo will become more toxic when this sickness develops. In contrast to buffalo, this virus is typically found in other livestock. When it rains, the black quarter spreads.


Many buffaloes pass away without treatment, while the black quarter symptoms take a long time to manifest. The typical indication of a black quarter is a head bump. Other signs of this infection include fever and paralysis of injured flesh muscles.

Within one day of the animals showing illness symptoms, they pass away. The painful and heated spot persisted for a while before turning chilly and becoming painless. The diseased area may occasionally feel hard, dry, and black. Some animals’ throat and back muscles are more impacted than other body parts.


Maintaining cleanliness and hygiene is essential to combating this infection in buffaloes and combating it simultaneously. Maintaining cleanliness and order helps to keep the affected area free from discomfort and inflammation. To protect your buffalo from this illness, vaccinate them on schedule.

To prevent their buffaloes from this virus, many herders typically immunize them before monsoon season. The Murrah buffalo has a superior immune system, which reduces the likelihood that this disease would affect this breed.  

Buffalo Pox 

In India, this condition is frequently reported. A buffalo’s head, neck, throat, and nostrils can develop buffalo pox. Since this illness is widespread, milkers who come into contact with afflicted buffaloes spread the virus. Buffaloes can be treated for buffalo pox using the same techniques as other domestic animals.

Buffaloes enjoy staying in wet places. Therefore, it’s essential to keep their wounds clean and fly-free. Although a vaccine for buffalo pox has been created, buffaloes cannot be protected from this illness.


After 2-4 days of incubation, the buffalo’s body temperature rises. Some red spots and pimples grow gradually in the buffalo’s body, which can be easily felt. These pimples spread throughout the body within a few days, including nostrils, udder, neck, etc. Generally, buffalo pox takes about 15-20 days to heal. Udder and teats back to their average size. 

This infection is less common in male buffaloes because scrotums are covered with dirt, and dust often goes unnoticed. Moreover, this disease is less observed in the Murrah Buffalo.


Regularly keeping the buffaloes clean and orderly will the sickness be treated. Buffalo pox can be avoided by adding certain substances to bath water or physically applying them to buffalo’s skin. For instance, you may use an antiseptic ointment like 1:110 boric acid and a 1:1,000 potassium permanganate solution to help your buffalo recover from buffalo pox.

Additionally, healthy buffaloes and diseased buffaloes need to be kept apart. The disease should be vaccinated against as soon as possible if the buffalo’s condition worsens. You can browse many websites or download programs about domestic animals to learn more about vaccinations.

Johne’s Disease

This illness falls under the category of contagiousness, which is seen in buffalo and other cattle. Buffalo may experience diarrhea and intestinal enlargement as a result of this infection. This illness typically spreads through drinking water that diseased buffaloes have shared. Also, young buffalo are affected by Johne’s sickness. Young buffaloes between 3 and 5 are the most commonly affected animals. 


It is essential to isolate affected buffaloes and properly dispose of their feces. This disease can be cured via vaccination. Given that it is a contagious illness, buffalo can be kept free by paying meticulous attention to sanitation. Before doing that, it is imperative to seek medical advice before treating any illness. In addition, make sure the affected buffaloes have access to clean, refined water. 

Final Thoughts!

Download the MeraPashu360 app, one of the best buffalo-buying apps to purchase Murrah buffalo for your dairy farms or other uses. Before buy bhains, you can research and learn more about Murrah buffalo here. Additionally, this app offers veterinary services and cow feed.

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